ABOUT BOSNIA

Know more about Bosnia

Bosnia and Herzegovina, is a country in Southeastern Europe located on the Balkan Peninsula. Bordered by Croatia to the north, west, and south; Serbia to the east; Montenegro to the southeast; and the Adriatic Sea to the south. It borders the Adriatic Sea along its 20 km (12.42 mi) coastline long surrounding the city of Neum.

The country's name comes from the two regions Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have a very vaguely defined border between them. Bosnia occupies the northern areas which are roughly four fifths of the entire country, while Herzegovina occupies the rest in the southern part of the country.

The major cities are the capital Sarajevo, Banja Luka in the northwest region and Tuzla in the northeast, Zenica in the central part of Bosnia and Mostar, the capital of Herzegovina.

In the central and eastern interior of the country the geography is mountainous, in the northwest it is moderately hilly, and the northeast is predominantly flatland. The inland is a geographically larger region and has a moderate continental climate, with hot summers and cold and snowy winters. The southern tip of the country has a Mediterranean climate and plain topography.

Population: According to the census of 2013, in BiH there is a total population of 3,513,159

Area: Bosnia and Herzegovina covers 51 209.2 sq km total area, of which 51 197.0 sq km is land and 12.2 sq km of the sea

Bosnia and Herzegovina is divided into two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Republic of Srpsa, of which the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina consists of 10 cantons.

International airports: Sarajevo (LH, OS, OU, JU, FY,TK…), Tuzla, Banja Luka, Mostar



Highway: Currently being built modern highway Corridor 5c total of 334 km. So far done 100 km. The southern part of the highway connecting the Croatian highway. In addition to the motorway state highway are regularly maintained and in good condition.

Railway transport: Talgo trains are going between Sarajevo - Doboj - Sarajevo from 26.09.2016 year. The new modern passenger train called "BH train".

It is planned to extend the current line to all cities in BH.

Negotiations with Croatian Railways to "BH train" are in process.

Ferry boat: internation between Croatia and Italy – Split-ancona and Dubrovnik-Bari

Rent-a-car is avaible in all major cities

Currency: BH currency is the Convertible Mark (KM) and foreign exchange rate against the euro was 1.95 KM € 1. There are many ATMs in all major cities and towns throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina. British pounds, US dollars, Japanese yen and other major currencies can be exchanged in banks and exchange offices in all major towns.

Health: To enter Bosnia and Herzegovina is not necessary to previously perform vaccinations. In larger cities there is a large number of pharmacies and there is usually at least one that is open 24 hours.

Call number for Bosnia and Herzegovina is: 387

Accommodation Hotels 2 * - 5 * in the cities. * Note the relatively favorable prices compared to the region.



Bosnia is full of beautiful rivers, lakes and waterfalls

Bosnia and Herzegovina is bounded by Croatia; the border to the north is the Sava River, to the west the Una River, and to the south Dinara Mountain, while to the east, it is bounded by Serbia and Montenegro. Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in the heart of the Balkan Peninsula, between the Pannonian and Adriatic areas. Rapid, turbulent rivers, wich have crisscrossed the distinctive landscape with their courses belong, for the most part, to the Black Sea watershed, while the Neretva is the only river that pierces its way to the sea and, together with its tributaries, belongs to the Adriatic watershed.

The country is hilly and mountainous, rugged and forest covered, with fertile fields and spacious meadows, natural and artificial lakes that are a source of hydroelectric power, as well as noisy rivers.

From the immemorial, an area where various worlds, cultures and civilizations have collided and merged, there religions – Catholic, Orthodox and Islam, wich have had a tremendous impact on its cultural development.

Bosnia and Herzegovina, although small on the map of the world, but placed at the meeting point of continental and Mediterranean climate as part of its identity and way of living has preserved its national costumes, music, songs, especially of the famous ''sevdalinke'' type, wich are a ''reflection of the soul'', a melancholic love song with a long tradition, folk creativity, customs, cottage industry, old crafts, especially filigree work, which requires the precise hands of the master and the patient weaving of fine gold and silver strings, creating exquisite jewelry and other decorative objects that numerous visitors have taken home with them throughout the world as cherished memories of the spirit of this country and its people.



Food and Drink in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The citizens of Bosnia and Herzegovina truly enjoy the tasty and healthy food and drink. Traditional food is often prepared with meat, and meals are plentiful and delicious. The meat is of extraordinary quality, often organic, and well prepared. Meat is the ingredient of some of the most popular Bosnian dishes such as bosanski lonac, ćevapi, begova čorba, burek, and grah.

In all major cities there is a wide selection of restaurants that offer Italian, Mediterranean, international and traditional dishes.

Herzegovina region is suitable for growing grapes and wine production, while in Bosnia the home made brandy is made from plums.

In Sarajevo and all other towns you will easily find pita and ćevapi. If you are in Herzegovina and especially if you visit Blagaj near Mostar, do not miss trout which is grown on the local farms and is sort of a local specialty.

Along the roads you will often see restaurants offering lamb on the spit. That is a specialty and a treat for meat lovers and usually is served with roasted potatoes and season salad.

Traditional sweets from Bosnia and Herzegovina are baklava, kadaif, ružice and tufahije.

As for drinks, black coffee is inevitable in Bosnia and Herzegovina, as well as the very ritual of drinking and enjoying coffee with friends. In homes across the country Bosnian or Turkish coffee is cooked and served. Bosnian black coffee can be found in some of the many cafes in Sarajevo and other cities and it is often served with rahat lokum, another oriental delicacy, or a small cube of sugar.



The country is full of contrasts: at a distance of only some fifty kilometers, three various climates meet: to the north, the continental with cold winters and warm summers, to the south, Mediterranean with hot summers and humid winters, and in between the northern and the southern part, in the area of high mountains, dominant is the mountain climate with long, cold winters, and plenty of snow and short fresh summers. The highest temperature 46 C, was recorded in Mostar, and lowest -43C, only some thirty kilometers away in Sarajevo.

For natural wholes can be distinguished – Mediterranean, that is, low-lying area of southern Herzegovina with access to the sea at Neum. From the depths of the karst underground emerge the rivers of Neretva, the longest river of Herzegovina, followed by several tributaries wich forms two wonderful watterfalls – Kravica i Kočuša.

All these green beauties with strong sources are a sprecial phenomenon of the karst landscape. And it is combination of water and stone that has created the magnificent Kravica Watterfalls, while at the source of the Buna River, unther the high, steep rocks, the ''derviška tekija'' (Muslim monastery), an invaluable cultural monument, was built in the 15th century.

Herzegovina is favorable for the cultivation of grapevines, tobacco, vegetables, fruit, especially rosehip, figs, mandarins, cherries, peaches, almonds, sour cherries. It is also famous for its excellent wines; Blatina and Žilavka.



Mountains and Valleys – an area in the heart of Bosnia and Herzegovina from the upper course of the turbulent Sana River to the border with the neighboring countries Serbia and Montenegro, placed between the peri-Pannonian area on the north and the high karst to the south. Colder air penetrating from the north comes into contact with the warmer air from the south. This area is rich in forests, thermal springs and rare minerals. The mountains in this are are the highest in the country, over 2000m high, touching the sky (Maglić, Bjelašnica, Zelengora, Treskavica…lush forests and the virgin forest called Perućica within Sutjeska National Park, proclamed as such in 1962.. The lurgest part of the park is covered in forest, while the remainder with pastures and meadows. Numerous species of birds and animals have chosen this park as their habitat. Water was the imaginative builder and rivers caverd impressive canyons (Lim, Sutjeska, Rakitnica, Vrbas, Sana, Piva, Drina…)



Sarajevo

Sarajevo is a multicultural city, unique in terms of religion in Europe, often compared to Jerusalem..

''Only in Sarajevo and nowhere else on Earth, in an area of a square kilometre, every 32 years (this happend in 2008/2009), in a single month, the following religious festivals are celebrated: Islamic Kurban Bairam, Catholic Christmas, Hegira New Year, the Gregorian NewYear, Orthodox Christmas and New Year according to the Julian Calendar. These are festivals of the best-known world religions celebrated in one month, in one country, and in one city''

The religious buildings of four of the most important religions in the world are located in the center itself, within only a few minutes walk of each other. It is a city where historical buildings of Ottoman, Austro-Hungarian and modern times intertwine.

Sarajevo is the capital and largest city of Bosnia and Herzegovina with about 400 000 inhabitants, the administrative, commercial, cultural and university center of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

The city will be remembered by all of those who visited Sarajevo in 1984., when the magnificent Winter Olympic Games were held there, at that point, the biggest ever, as well as all of those who participated in one of the international cultural manifestations. The renowned Sarajevo Film Festival takes place here, as well as Jazz Fest, which every year gathers the most important names in music from around the world, the MESS International Theater Festival, The Nights of Baščaršija, Sarajevo Winter and many other events, which make of Sarajevo a true meptropolis. However, what makes Sarajevo special is the atmosphere at these events, intimate and straightforward. Sarajevo is one of th erare capital cities in the world that can offer its visitors all of the possibilities of winter tourism. On the surrounding mountaines, Bjelašnica, Igman, Jahorina where the best Olympians competed in the past, even the most demanding of skiers can find what they are looking for.



The most important attractions of Sarajevo:

- Baščaršija – Old town
- Vrelo Bosne - Spring of Bosna river
- Sarajevo War Tunnel
- Sarajevo City Hall
- Gazi Husrev Beg Mosque
- Cathedral of Jesu's Heart/ Serbian Ortodox Church
- Jewisch Museum of Bosnia and Herzegovina
- Svrzo House
- And many others…



Mostar

Mostar is a city in southern Bosnia and Herzegovina, straddling the Neretva River, political, scientific and cultural center of Herzegovina lies at the foot of the slopes of Velež Mountain. It is the city of sun, greenery and flowers, with a mild Mediterranean climate, even fragrances from the sea reaching it. Mostar began to develop in the 15th c around the wooden bridge on chains. Given the importance of the bridge, after the arrival of the Turks, Mostar began to develop more rapidly and became the seat of civic and military officials and dignitaries. Mostar today, after several military destruction (1992-1995), is a city with a special spirit that has all of the conditions necessary for significant development and a better future. The most magnificent stone monument is the Stari most (Old bridge) from the 16th c. which is on the list of UNESCO's World Heritage. The core of the old city formed around the bridge, with its forts, towers, doors and windows of shops, depots and street, which all together form a unique architectural whole.

It’s known for the iconic Stari Most (Old Bridge), a reconstructed medieval arched bridge. The nearby alleys are full of shops and market stalls, and the Old Bridge Museum explores the bridge’s long history. A narrow staircase leads up to the Koski Mehmed-Pasha Mosque’s minaret for panoramic city views.



The most important attractions of Mostar:

- Old Brigde with Old town and Kujundžiluk
- Koski Mehmed Pasha Mosque
- Karadžozbeg mosque
- Old Ortodoxe Chruch
- Bišćević and Katjaz House – from the ottoman empire period 17th c
- Sahat kula or Tower clock
- Cathedral
- Franciscan church and monastery
- Bishop's residence



Mostar is center of Herzegovina and surroundied with the beautiful place to visit. In the small town of Blagaj, 12km away from Mostar, below a steep rock,there is one of the most abundant river sources in Europe. There is also an old dervish monastery, an attractive cultural venue, originating from the end of the 15th or the beginning of the 16th century. Further to the south 30km away from Mostar is Počitelj – artistic colony – town museum from the 16th c. The Kravica Waterfall on the River Trebižat will impress you with its fantastic appearance. Also only 29km from Mostar to the southwest is Međugorje – one of the best-known pilgrims destination in the Catholic wolrd attracting millions of visitors. Our Lady appeared to seers in 1981 and confined to them the massage of peace. Since then, this place has been attracting millions of pilgrims from all parts of the world. Near Stolac only 30km away from Mostar is Radimlja – the most beautiful necropolis of standing tombstones – stečci from medieval period. In the vicinity of Trebinje is the largest Karst caves in Europe 6100 m long. The Vjetrenica Cave is well-known by its endemic species of animals.



Banja Luka Situated in the northwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina , Banja luka is economic and cultural center as well as the capital city of Republic of Srpska. The city on river Vrbas is most beautiful in spring and autumn, when the beauty of century-old trees lining its streets is most expressive. Banja luka has always been a transit city that has connected central Europe with the Adriatic Sea.

Most credit for the development of the city during the Turkish period is given to the Bosnian governor Ferhat-pasha Sokolović. The renowned mosque called Ferhadija was built at that time, one of the most successful achievements of Bosnian architecture.

The most famous monument in Banja Luka is Kastel located in the central part of the city, dominating the left bank of the Vrbas River.



Along the Vrbas Kanyon to the south from Banja Luka is located The city of Bosnian kings – Jajce. Jajce is a city in central Bosnia, in the town basin, at the confluence of the Pliva and Vrbas Rivers, which have always been characterized by unique natural beauties. The city is surrounded by forest comvered mountains and there are also two lakes, as well as the wonderful Pliva Waterfall (23m) in the very center of the city. The most famous attraction in Jajce is the Roman temple of Mithras, and climb past St.Luke's tower up to the castel. Jajce is witness to 4 empires and 3 kingdoms. Jajce has 22 national monuments. In 2007, Jajce is placed on UNESCO World Heritage List. The importance of the city for Bosnian history of these areas would once again be evident in 1943. During the Second World War, Jajce gained importance as centre of a large swath of free territory, and on 29 November 1943 it hosted the second convention of the Anti-Fascist Council of National Liberation of Yugoslavia (AVNOJ). There, representatives from throughout Yugoslavia decided to establish a federal Yugoslavia in equality of its nations, and established that Bosnia and Herzegovina would be one of its constitutive Republics. In Jajce is today also Museum of Avnoj.

Very beautifull and famous are also picturesque wooden mills on the Pliva lakes near Jajce.

Travnik – ''A city of viziers, consuls and Nobel Prize winners'' is located in central Bosnia between olympic mountains Vlašić and Vilajica, popular ski destinations.

The Travnik Medieval Fort was one of the survivors of the 1903 fire, and the imposing structure, which for centuries defended the city from outside invaders, still dominates the horizon.

The fortress is open to guests. The walk up is lovely and the old quarter around the fortress has some very impressive traditional homes. Today, this is perhaps the best preserved fort in all of central Bosnia.



Travnik is the birthplace of Ivo Andric, winner of the Nobel Price for Literature, author of Bridge on the Drina.

The most popular attraction in Travnik are:
- Ivo Andric House is now a museum
- The Sahat Kula – Tower Clock
- Plava Voda (Blue Waters), a large source that flows out of the base of Vlasic Mountain.
- Elci-Ibrahim pasina Medresa
- Sarena Dzamija (Multi-Colored Mosque), built in 1757…



Višegrad – ''Bridge on the Drina'' – is town in eastern Bosnia, at the confluence of the Rzav and Drina rivers, in the beauty of the landscapes of the Višegrad basin. During the ottoman empire time of the great vizier Mehmed Pasha Sokolović in Višegrad was built the famous Bridge over the Drina. The most important cultural manifestation is dedicated to the life of Ivo Andrić – The Višegrad Trail, with various contents: literary evenings, book promotions and encounters with authors. A significant treasure of Višegrad is the Ivo Andrić Memorial Library with over 40000 books.

Near Višegrad is also Srebrenica, Foča, the cities they can be visited on one day excursion from Sarajevo (cca 260km) or with the overnight in one of hotels there.

In Visoko we meet with the phenomenon that changes the course of human history – the Bosnian Pyramids. Under the stone walls remaining of medieval Bosnian residence, town Visoki, there is 700 m high Visočica, a hill of regular geometric angles and a phenomenon which is considered to be the work of human hands.



Active tourism in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bosnia and Herzegovina is country very rich in naturals beauties, mountains, vallues, rivers which offers many possibilities for active tourism, here are some excursions offers:
- Rafting on Neretva, Una, Vrbas and Tara
- Biking routs
- Hiking trips - Highlights
- Quiet walks through untouched and rugged nature
- Scale Maglic, Bosnia and Herzegovina’s highest peak
- Wander through Perucica, one of Europe’s last remaining medieval forest
- Swim the clear waters of the Rakitnica and Neretva rivers
- Beautiful walks throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina mountains like Bjelašnica, Bukovik, Čvrsnica, Prenj, Romanija, Sutjeska, Velež, Visočica, Vranica, Zelengora etc.
- Skiing and Snowshoeing on Jahorina, Bjelašnica, Igman, Vlašić, Kupres, Blidinje and many others very atractive locations

We have in our country also a few natural and national parks:
• Una National Park
• Sutjeska National Park
• Kozara National Park
• Hutovo Blato – Nature Park
• Blidinje – Nature Park



Una National Park is situated in the northwestern part of Bosnia and Herzegovina, mainly in the area of Bihac municipality and to a lesser extent in the municipality of Bosanski Petrovac and Drvar - it belongs to the Una-Korana plateau. This area represents a unique natural complex in this part of Europe, valuable for the preservation of the overall landscape and biological diversity.

National Park Sutjeska is the oldest and largest national park in BiH, which is famous for its natural values and beauty of the pearl of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It covers an area of Sutjeska with strict reservation of Perucica, parts of mountains Maglic (2386 m the highest peak in Bosnia and Herzegovina), Volujak, Zelengora and Vučeva. Thanks to the exceptional natural values and their preservation NP Sutjeska since 2000 included in Uited Nations Department for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources.

Kozara Mountain became a famous site after heroic battles for freedom in WWII and in 1947 the activities for allocation and creation of the Kozara National Park started. Forests of Kozara Mountain were declared the forests of historical significance on June 6, 1957 in order to preserve the memory of the epic Kozara battle.



Hutovo Blato - On the south of Hercegovina, in tipically karst environment, on the left side of the Neretva river there is unique submediterranean swamp „Hutovo blato“ famous as green oasis with abundance of fresh water in which are very suitable life conditions for lots of bird and animal species. Swamp is also interesting from ornitho-ichthyological, scientific , ecological and touristic aspect. Hutovo blato is considered as one of the biggest wintering places for birds in the Europe. It belongs to Čapljina and Stolac Municipality and it is spread on hilly, lowland and swamp grounds with elevation altitude from 1 to 432m.

Park Blidinje, established on the 30th of April 1995, is situated in the central part of the high mountains of Bosnia and Herzegovina. It covers an area of 364 km2 in the territory of three municipalities, Posušje, Tomislavgrad and Jablanica.

Neum is a town, touristic settlement and the only municipality center on the Adriatic coast, situated on the hill side of the main road between Dubrovnik (70 km) and Makarska (80 km).



Learn more about Sarajevo and Bosnia and Herzegovina